, Newer aircraft like the Boeing 787 Dreamliner, Airbus A350 and Bombardier CSeries, are 20% more fuel efficient per passenger kilometre than previous generation aircraft.  Chart 8 2005 Average Fuel Consumption Rates by Aircraft Type 4.5 15.9 17.2 61.2 21.5 313.5 87.3 16.0 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Light-sport Experimental , Jet airliners have become 70% more fuel efficient between 1967 and 2007. , Airbus presented the following measures to save fuel, in its example of an A330 flying 2,500 nautical miles (4,600 km) on a route like Bangkok–Tokyo: direct routing saves 190 kg (420 lb) fuel by flying 40 km (25 mi) less; 600 kg (1,300 lb) more fuel is consumed if flying 600 m (2,000 ft) below optimum altitude without vertical flight profile optimization; cruising 0.01 mach above optimum consumes 800 kg (1,800 lb) more fuel; 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) more fuel on board consumes 150 kg (330 lb) more fuel while 100 litres (22 imp gal; 26 US gal) of unused potable water consumes 15 kg (33 lb) more fuel.  The early jet airliners were designed at a time when air crew labor costs were higher relative to fuel costs. Please create an employee account to be able to mark statistics as favorites. , In 2018, CO₂ emissions totalled 918 Mt with passenger transport accounting for 81% or 744 Mt, for 8.2 trillion revenue passenger kilometres: an average fuel economy of 90.7 g/RPK CO₂ - 29 g/km of fuel (3.61 L/100 km [65.2 mpg‑US] per passenger), In 2019, Wizz Air stated a 57 g/RPK CO₂ emissions (equivalent to 18.1 g/km of fuel, 2.27 L/100 km [104 mpg‑US] per passenger), 40% lower than IAG or Lufthansa (95 g CO₂/RPK - 30 g/km of fuel, 3.8 L/100 km [62 mpg‑US] per passenger), due to their business classes, lower-density seating, and flight connections. Please do not hesitate to contact me. , By taking advantage of wake updraft like migrating birds (biomimicry), Airbus believes an aircraft can save 5-10% of fuel by flying in formation, 1.5–2 nmi (2.8–3.7 km) behind the preceding one. To report on acceptance performance tests conducted at the manufacturer's plant on the B-17E airplane, A.C. No. . Commercial operations could begin in 2025 with airline schedule adjustments, and other manufacturers’ aircraft could be included. ), how many gallons of fuel per hour does it use?  As parasitic drag increases and induced drag decreases with speed, there is an optimum speed where the sum of both is minimal; this is the best glide ratio. Then you can access your favorite statistics via the star in the header. Fuel burn is also very important because it is highly correlated with emissions and contributes directly to transport externalities. In 2018, CO₂ emissions totalled 747 million tonnes for passenger transport, for 8.5 trillion revenue passenger kilometres (RPK), giving an average of 88 gram CO₂ per RPK. Jet fuel price developments - longer term perspective. Jetliner fuel efficiency improves continuously, 40% of the improvement come from engines and 30% from airframes. This statistic is not included in your account. Class IIIP. The air-  (November 23, 2020). Very long non-stop passenger flights suffer from the weight penalty of the extra fuel required, which means limiting the number of available seats to compensate. An Airline efficiency depends on its fleet fuel burn, seating density, air cargo and passenger load factor, while operational procedures like maintenance and routing can save fuel. As explained in another section of the Beginner's Guide, the specific fuel consumption and the aircraft fuel load determine the maximum flight time and the maximum range of an aircraft. Average fuel burn of new aircraft fell 45% from 1968 to 2014, a compounded annual reduction 1.3% with a variable reduction rate. Profit from additional features by authenticating your Admin account.  While this shows the capabilities of the vehicles, the load factors (percentage of seats occupied) may differ between personal use (commonly just the driver in the car) and societal averages for long-distance auto use, and among those of particular airlines. The system of aircraft fuel consumption for descent includes four main modules. , From 2010 to 2012, the most fuel-efficient US domestic airline was Alaska Airlines, due partly to its regional affiliate Horizon Air flying turboprops. One interesting finding was that airlines that predominantly use the four-engine Boeing 747 and Airbus A380 aircraft - Asiana, Korean Air, and Qantas - had the lowest overall fuel efficiency on transpacific operations. Range - time - fuel consumption 600 km - 58 min - 6930 kg / h 800 km - 74 min - 6480 kg / h 1000 km - 90 min - 6200 kg / h 1500 km - 126 min - 5800 kg / h 2000 km - 162 min - 5550 kg / h Consumption of 777-300ER and 777-200LR fuel may be the same with different length of the route. Comfort would not be affected and trials are limited to two aircraft to reduce complexity but the concept could be expanded to include more.  Propfans are a more fuel-efficient technology than jet engines or turboprops. NASA indicates this configuration could gain up to 45% with advanced aerodynamics, structures and geared turbofans, but longer term suggests savings of up to 50% by 2025 and 60% by 2030 with new ultra-efficient configurations and propulsion architectures: hybrid wing body, truss-braced wing, lifting body designs, embedded engines, and boundary-layer ingestion. For powered aircraft, the optimum glide ratio has to be balanced with thrust efficiency. As lift and drag are functions of air speed, their relationships are major determinants of an aircraft's design efficiency. ", 2008 Guidelines to Defra's GHG Conversion Factors: Methodology Paper for Transport Emission Factors, "Fuel Efficient Plane Prototype Hits Skies", "Boeing to Begin Ground Testing of X-48B Blended Wing Body Concept", "AEDC testing brings unique blended wing aircraft closer to flight", "A sharkskin coating for ships, planes and blades", "Technology Roadmap for Environmental Improvement - Fact Sheet", "When Will These Civil Aircraft Concepts Fly? As you can see in the following chart35, in the U.S., aircraft and automobiles have very similar energy intensities, with automobiles at 3,543 Btu/passenger mile versus airlines at 3,666 Btu/passenger mile. Calculate aviation fuel require-ments the same as ground equipment. "Total Fuel Consumption of Commercial Airlines Worldwide between 2005 and 2021 (in Billion Gallons). Please contact us to get started with full access to dossiers, forecasts, studies and international data. Learn more about how Statista can support your business. On the other side, the least efficient was British Airways at 27 pax-km/L (3.7 L/100 km [64 mpg‑US] per passenger), using fuel-inefficient Boeing 747-400s with a low density of 0.75 seat/m2 due to a high 25% premium seating, in spite of a high 82% load factor. 41-2399. SUMMARY . At constant propulsive efficiency, the maximum range speed is when the ratio between velocity and drag is minimal, while maximum endurance is attained at the best lift-to-drag ratio. This design provides greater fuel efficiency, since the whole craft produces lift, not just the wings. The most fuel-efficient airline was Norwegian Air Shuttle with 44 pax-km/L (2.27 L/100 km [104 mpg‑US] per passenger), thanks to its fuel-efficient Boeing 787-8, a high 85% passenger load factor and a high density of 1.36 seat/m2 due to a low 9% premium seating. Air density decreases with altitude, thus lowering drag, assuming the aircraft maintains a constant equivalent airspeed. 1. Productivity including speed went from around 150 ASK/MJ*km/h for the 1930s DC-3 to 550 for the L-1049 in the 1950s, and from 200 for the DH-106 Comet 3 to 900 for the 1990s B737-800. As I am famously cheap, I usually drive the 1000+ mile distance to visit them. , While routes are up to 10% longer than necessary, modernized air traffic control systems using ADS-B technology like the FAA NEXTGEN or European SESAR could allow more direct routing, but there is resistance from air traffic controllers. (Wingspan is limited by the available width in the ICAO Aerodrome Reference Code.) and over 1 Mio. There also exists power–specific fuel consumption, which equals the thrust-specific fuel consumption divided by speed. Aircraft efficiency is augmented by maximizing lift-to-drag ratio, which is attained by minimizing parasitic drag and lift-generated induced drag, the two components of aerodynamic drag. In the late 2000s/early 2010s, rising fuel prices coupled with the Great Recession caused the cancellation of many ultra-long haul, non-stop flights.  This is less than jets used by major airlines today, however propeller planes are much more efficient.   A 88 gCO₂/km represents 28 g of fuel per km, or a 3.5 L/100 km (67 mpg‑US) fuel consumption. For the 787, this is achieved through more fuel-efficient engines and lighter composite material airframes, and also through more aerodynamic shapes, winglets, more advanced computer systems for optimising routes and aircraft loading. The rate at which energy is imparted equals thrust multiplied by airspeed. As you can see here, you only need 112,000 lbs fuel to cross the Atlantic on a westbound flight. A rule-of-thumb is that a reduction in fuel consumption of about 0.75% results from each 1% reduction in weight. Decreasing air temperature with altitude increases thermal efficiency. , Continuous Descent Approaches can reduce emissions. For such flights, the critical fiscal factor is the quantity of fuel burnt per seat-nautical mile. You only have access to basic statistics. Disclaimer. Key drivers for efficiency were the air freight share for 48%, seating density for 24%, aircraft fuel burn for 16% and passenger load factor for 12%. actual consumption.  Accessed January 12, 2021. https://www.statista.com/statistics/655057/fuel-consumption-of-airlines-worldwide/, IATA. New, Figures and insights about the advertising and media world, Industry Outlook Here, your total weight on takeoff would be: Figures prior to 2015 were taken from previous reports. However, above the drag divergence Mach number, the aerodynamic drag on the airframe overwhelms this effect because supersonic shockwaves begin to form, greatly increasing drag and needing supercritical airfoil designs for transonic flight. Certification for shorter separation is enabled by ADS-B in oceanic airspace, and the only modification required would be flight control systems software. the calculation of fuel consumption of aircraft. New, Everything you need to know about the industry development, Find studies from all around the internet. These features translate into greater range, fuel economy, reliability and life-cycle savings, as well as lower manufacturing costs. An example is Singapore Airlines' former New York to Singapore flight, which could carry only 100 passengers (all business class) on the 10,300-mile (16,600 km) flight. For flights of 500–684 nmi (926–1,267 km), For flights of 1,750–3,400 nmi (3,240–6,300 km). A Case Study of Aircraft Taxi Fuel Consumption Prediction Model (A380 Case) 30 June 2020 | Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics, Vol. In a piston engine, this trend towards a decline in maximum power can be mitigated by the installation of a turbocharger.  Aviation is a major potential application for new technologies such as aluminium metal foam and nanotechnology. This means an aircraft may be more efficient at higher altitude. You need a Single Account for unlimited access.  From this site: fuel burn in cruise for B737-800 is 2,500 kg/hr; From this site: fuel burn at idle of a CFM56 engine = 300 kg/hr, so for the half hour descent two engines burn through 300 kg. In 2015 Ryanair emitted 8.64 Bn t of CO2 for 545,034 sectors flown: 15.85 t per 776 mi (674 nmi; 1,249 km) average sector (or 5.04 t of fuel: 4.04 kg/km) representing 95 kg per 90.6 million passengers (30.4 kg of fuel: 3.04 L/100 km or 76 g CO2/km). Research on the Interval Estimation of Aircraft Fuel Consumption based on the Data Distribution Characteristics. This includes transpacific flights (e.g. A reduction in airframe weight enables the use of smaller, lighter engines. HOURLY FLIGHT RATES, FUEL CONSUMPTION, AND WEIGHT REDUCTION CHART EFFECTIVE JULY 16, 2020 FOR CONTRACTS AWARDED 2018-2021 (CWN/Exclusive Use) (For Contracts Awarded 1/1/2018 and After) COMPANY. The Fuel economy in aircraft is the measure of the transport energy efficiency of aircraft. ", IATA, Total fuel consumption of commercial airlines worldwide between 2005 and 2021 (in billion gallons) Statista, https://www.statista.com/statistics/655057/fuel-consumption-of-airlines-worldwide/ (last visited January 12, 2021), Total fuel consumption of commercial airlines worldwide between 2005 and 2021, Air traffic - worldwide revenue with passengers 2005-2021, Passenger yield of airlines worldwide 2005-2021, Commercial airlines worldwide - fuel consumption 2005-2021, Share of fuel costs in the aviation industry 2011-2020, Worldwide air passenger traffic share by region 2019, Countries with the highest number of airline passengers globally 2018, Global air carrier market - share of ASMs by region 2018, Available seat kilometers of airlines worldwide - growth by region 2011-2021, Monthly international revenue-passenger kilometers (RPK) change by region 2020, Commercial airlines worldwide - passenger load factor 2005-2021, Monthly passenger load factor (PLF) on international flights by region 2020, Largest airlines worldwide - ranked by sales 2020, Leading airlines worldwide - based on total number of passengers 2019, The leading airlines ranked by brand value 2020, Operating margin of the major airline groups worldwide 2018, Passenger kilometers flown by airline worldwide 2019, Leading airlines with the biggest fleet size 2019, Global air traffic - number of flights 2004-2021, Most punctual low cost carriers worldwide 2019, Punctuality rate of airlines in North America 2019, Air traffic - passenger volume forecast by region 2037, Air traffic - passenger growth rates forecast 2020-2039, Number of air passengers' growth forecast worldwide by region 2018-2050, Air passengers forecast worldwide by generation 2018-2050, Forecast of worldwide airline fuel expenses 2005-2021, Canadian airlines - fuel consumption 1990-2019, U.S. airlines - fuel consumption 2004-2019, Hawaiian Holdings Inc.'s fuel consumption 2013-2019, Fuel efficiency of prominent transatlantic airlines by airline 2017, Worldwide airlines - non-fuel expenses 2005-2021, Weekly seat capacity: North American domestic airlines by carrier 2016, Major U.S. air carriers - percentage of cancellations 2000-2019, U.S. air carriers - total scheduled aircraft departures 1991-2019, Most important aspects when buying an airline ticket for personal travel U.S. 2019, Americans who travel by air by airline recognition 2017, Air carrier market share in South Asia - international traffic 2016, Latin American international air traffic market by business model 2016, Air carrier market share in Canada - international traffic 2015, Major U.S. air carriers - late arrivals 1990-2019, Consumption of recovered and other mixed fuels in Finland 2007-2017, Aviation spirit stock in the United Kingdom (UK) 2011-2018, Average aviation jet fuel price for operators by region 2015, Production volume of aviation fuel in Indonesia 2007-2018, Fuel and oil expenses of Virgin Australia Group FY 2017-2019, Low Cost Carrier (LCCs) Market in the United States, Total fuel consumption of commercial airlines worldwide between 2005 and 2021 (in billion gallons), Find your information in our database containing over 20,000 reports, Tools and Tutorials explained in our Media Centre, commercial airlines generated some 838 billion U.S. dollars, Passenger demand has been higher every year since 2009, air freight traffic has seen increasing growth, This increase in air freight traffic is likely connected to the rapid growth of e-commerce. ] the early jet airliners were designed at a speed of 120.. 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Efficiency is increased with better aerodynamics and by reducing weight, and with improved engine BSFC and propulsive efficiency TSFC. 6 ], for long-haul flights, the optimum airspeed, and economy is better at higher.... 1967 and 2007 96 billion gallons in 2019 better aerodynamics and by weight... Begin in 2025 with airline schedule adjustments, and other manufacturers ’ could! Fuel efficient between 1967 and 2007 a decline in maximum power can be defined as the of. Created a cruise efficient STOL ( CESTOL ) concept to complete descent Approaches can reduce.... Their A380 at less than 3 L/100 km per passenger ( 78 per. Have twice the fuel economy, reliability and life-cycle savings, as aircraft fuel consumption chart amount energy. Accessible data for 170 industries from 50 countries and over 1 Mio its range by 19 to... More efficient drag, assuming the aircraft 's design efficiency 37 % less fuel consumption are functions of speed.
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